Python 3.7 is set to be released this summer, let’s have a sneak peek at some of the new features! If you’d like to play along at home with PyCharm, make sure you get PyCharm 2018.1 (or later if you’re reading this from the future).
There are many new things in Python 3.7: various character set improvements, postponed evaluation of annotations, and more. One of the most exciting new features is support for the dataclass decorator.
Most Python developers will have written many classes which looks like:
def __init__(self, var_a, var_b):
Data classes help you by automatically generating dunder methods for simple cases. For example, a __init__ which accepted those arguments and assigned each to self. The small example before could be rewritten like:
A key difference is that type hints are actually required for data classes. If you’ve never used a type hint before: they allow you to mark what type a certain