Skeleton: A dead simple, responsive boilerplate

You should use Skeleton if you’re embarking on a smaller project or just don’t feel like you need all the utility of larger frameworks. Skeleton only styles a handful of standard HTML elements and includes a grid, but that’s often more than enough to get started. In fact, this site is built on Skeleton and has ~200 lines of custom CSS (half of which is the docking navigation).

Love Skeleton and want to Tweet it, share it, or star it? Well, I appreciate that

The grid is a 12-column fluid grid with a max width of 960px, that shrinks with the browser/device at smaller sizes. The max width can be changed with one line of CSS and all columns will resize accordingly. The syntax is simple and it makes coding responsive much easier. Go ahead, resize the browser.






Type is all set with the rems, so font-sizes and spacial relationships can be responsively sized based on a single font-size property. Out of the box, Skeleton never changes the font-size, but it’s there in case you need it for your project. All measurements are still base 10 though so, an

with 5.0remfont-size just means 50px.

The typography base is Raleway served by Google, set at 15rem (15px) over a 1.6 line height (24px). Other type basics like anchors, strong, emphasis, and underline are all obviously included.

Headings create a family of distinct sizes each with specific letter-spacing, line-height, and margins.

Heading

42rem

Heading

36rem

Heading

30rem

Heading

24rem
Heading

15rem



Heading

Heading

Heading

Heading
Heading

The base type is 15px over 1.6 line height (24px)

Bolded Italicized Colored Underlined

Forms are a huge pain, but hopefully these styles make it a bit easier. All inputs, select, and buttons are normalized for a common height cross-browser so inputs can be stacked or placed alongside each other.




<!-- Always wrap checkbox and radio inputs in a label and use a  inside of it -->



  • Unordered lists have basic styles
  • They use the circle list style

    • Nested lists styled to feel right
    • Can nest either type of list into the other
  • Just more list items mama san
  1. Ordered lists also have basic styles
  2. They use the decimal list style

    • Ordered and unordered can be nested
    • Can nest either type of list into the other
  3. Last list item just for the fun

<!-- Easily substitute any 
    or an
      to get number lists or sublists. Skeleton doesn't support lists nested deeper than 2 levels -->

Code styling is kept basic – just wrap anything in a and it will appear like this. For blocks of code, wrap a with a

.

.some-class {
  background-color: red;
}

.some-class {
  background-color: red;
}

<!-- Remember every whitespace and break will be preserved in a

, including indentation in your code -->

Be sure to use properly formed table markup with

and

when building a table.

Name Age Sex Location
Dave Gamache 26 Male San Francisco
Dwayne Johnson 42 Male Hayward

Name Age Sex Location
Dave Gamache 26 Male San Francisco
Dwayne Johnson 42 Male Hayward

Skeleton uses media queries to serve its scalable grid, but also has a list of queries for convenience of styling your site across devices. The queries are mobile-first, meaning they target min-width. Mobile-first queries are how Skeleton's grid is built and is the preferrable method of organizing CSS. It means all styles outside of a query apply to all devices, then larger devices are targeted for enhancement. This prevents small devices from having to parse tons of unused CSS. The sizes for the queries are:

  • Desktop HD: 1200px
  • Desktop: 1000px
  • Tablet: 750px
  • Phablet: 550px
  • Mobile: 400px

/* Mobile first queries */

/* Larger than mobile */
@media (min-width: 400px) {}

/* Larger than phablet */
@media (min-width: 550px) {}

/* Larger than tablet */
@media (min-width: 750px) {}

/* Larger than desktop */
@media (min-width: 1000px) {}

/* Larger than Desktop HD */
@media (min-width: 1200px) {}



Skeleton has a number of small utility classes that act as easy-to-use helpers. Sometimes it's better to use a utility class than create a whole new class just to float an element.

/* Utility Classes */

/* Make element full width */
.u-full-width {
  width: 100%;
  box-sizing: border-box; }

/* Make sure elements don't run outside containers (great for images in columns) */
.u-max-full-width {
  max-width: 100%;
  box-sizing: border-box; }

/* Float either direction */
.u-pull-right {
  float: right; }
.u-pull-left {
  float: left; }

/* Clear a float */
.u-cf {
  content: "";
  display: table;
  clear: both; }


This template is an example of how easy it can be to create a landing page with just the Skeleton grid and a few custom styles. The entire demo is ~150 lines of CSS including comments (most of which is positioning the phones at the top).

Demo
Source

More examples will be added to help anyone get started or more familiar with how Skeleton works. The goal is education. If you're more interested in real, live examples of Skeleton sites, I'll be creating a "Built on Skeleton" list soon!


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